Continuity and change in San belief and ritual: some aspects of the enigmatic ‘formling’ and tree motifs from Matopo Hills rock art, Zimbabwe.

Siyakha Mguni

A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, for the degree of Master of Arts in 2002.

From the preface:

Voyage of discovery

This study was motivated by a personal revelatory experience I had when, in April 1995 shortly after I joined the National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe as a trainee archaeologist and monuments inspector, I first encountered one of the most spectacular rock art sites in Matopo Hills (hereafter called Matopo1), and, perhaps, in southern Africa. And little did I realize that this experience heralded my future career. This site is Nanke Cave on the eastern part of Matobo National Park. Ironically, although I had read about the Drakensberg paintings as part of my Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Zimbabwe, I had never heard of or seen a picture of Nanke paintings.